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Brand new office of work try predicated on age and you may sex

Brand new office of work try predicated on age and you may sex

Among the North Cheyenne, Tribal companies instance signing, ranching, broadening alfalfa, seasonal salary labor, and you may political advice give a majority of their income

Subsistence and you can Industrial Items. Even when casual garden proceeded among particular rings as later just like the 1850, the main attention was the new bison. In addition to chicken, brand new bison given material for protection, clothing, and you may are built merchandise and is tinder discount code actually a swap item. Of over forty dinner herbs gathered, initial was in fact brand new Indian turnip, chokecherries, and you may plums. Eu get in touch with led to the use away from trade products on Cheyenne diet plan. Java, sugar, bacon, and white-colored flour became important commodities, specifically for the dramatic refuse of your own bison. Cheyenne engagement from the 19th-century bison gown exchange lead to a much deeper dependency on the European services and products. Into the reservations, rations, gardening, and e the new mainstay of your own Cheyenne benefit. Now all the Southern area and you can Northern Cheyenne money try derived from the authorities. New South Cheyenne get excited about grain raising, oils exploitation, some ranching, and you may political work methods. One another tribes continue to be underemployed and you will determined by governmental service. One tamed creature is actually the latest horse, that has been employed for transport, warfare, and you can query, and you will turned a supply of wealth for the Cheyenne community.

Commercial Arts. Cheyenne event included leatherworking, carpentry, quillworking, featherworking, and stone carving. Immediately following direct change with Europeans, material things, glass beans, content, or any other items to embellish changed stuff from local produce. Today the fresh Cheyenne always make stuff for personal play with, powwows, ceremonial aim, and you may deals so you can low-Indians.

Trade. The latest extent from precontact exchange is not completely understood, but from the historic months brand new Cheyenne have been in a great cutting-edge trading system. Once the middlemen, the latest Cheyenne traded ponies, dehydrated bison meat, pemmican, dehydrated pomme blanche, and you can decorated robes, tees, and you will leather purse into Missouri River tribes. Inturn, the fresh Cheyenne obtained European points instance weapons, dust, and you can food products along with local maize and you will cigarette smoking. Of the 1830, they’d get embroiled regarding bison robe exchange that have Europeans, hence ended in the 1880s, causing complete Financial dependency towards U.S. bodies.

Division out-of Labor. Men’s performs provided browse, raiding, ceremonial activities, and you will manufacturing most of the situations of this this type of pursuits. Young boys and you can older dudes from the home have been will inside the fees out of handling the new pony herd. Ladies jobs were from the home-based situations: collecting food and electricity, taking care of children, butchering meats, while making pemmican, constructing and you can dismantling the newest hotel, creation the Home stuff, and making preparations bison covers for use otherwise exchange. More youthful girls aided the mothers with these jobs, and you can older women alleviated the mother regarding youngster-proper care commitments. For the bison hide exchange period, men’s room and you may ladies’ work focused on order and you may creation of covers. In booking several months, this new office of work try altered radically having Ladies work all the more devalued and you can restricted for the Family. While the The second world war, Cheyenne folks have already been doing work in many work between capturing so you can laws.

Property Period. Aboriginally, one Cheyenne encountered the straight to info within their territory. Although portions of their region was in fact contested by the most other Plains Indians, this new Cheyenne stated and you may positively defended the spot on yellowstone River toward Arkansas River. Within this region, for every ring occupied and utilized a recommended place, constantly near biggest canals.

Kinship

Kin Groups and you will Lineage. Lineage try two-sided. No matter if clans most likely existed when the Cheyenne lived from inside the inactive earthlodge villages for the 1700s, clans not any longer lived after they became equestrian nomads.

Kinship Terminology. Before the adjustment of your Kinship program in the reservation period, conditions adopted this new Hawaiian system, concentrating on horizontal classification together generational account.

作者: 张群峰



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