您的位置 首页 合成生物学

在解脂耶氏酵母中利用CRISPRi实现多重基因干扰

解脂耶氏酵母是一有前景的微生物细胞工厂。已有很多研究开发用于基因调控的合成生物学工具,以在解脂耶氏酵母中创建异源合成途径并操纵代谢流。CRISPR干扰(CRISPRi)作为一种新兴技术已被用于特异性抑制目的基因。

近日,来自天津大学的元英进老师实验室在《Microbial Cell Factories》上新发表一项研究《Gene repression via multiplex gRNA strategy in Y. lipolytica》,基于四种不同的阻遏蛋白在解脂耶氏酵母中建立了CRISPRi系统,分别是来自弗朗西斯菌的DNA酶失活的Cpf1(dCpf1),来自酿脓链球菌的失活的Cas9(dCas9)和两种融合蛋白(dCpf1-KRAB和dCas9 -KRAB)。该研究设计了10个与gfp的不同区域结合的gRNA,实验结果表明无论使用哪种阻遏蛋白,抑制效率与靶向位点数目之间都没有明确的相关性。为了快速产生强烈的基因抑制作用,研究人员开发了基于一步Golden-brick组装技术的多重gRNA策略。通过设计靶标gfp基因3个不同位置的gRNAs,可以在短时间内实现85%(dCpf1)和92%(dCas9)的高抑制效率,无需预先筛选有效的gRNA位点。

 

Background

The oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica is a promising microbial cell factory due to their biochemical characteristics and native capacity to accumulate lipid-based chemicals. To create heterogenous biosynthesis pathway and manipulate metabolic flux in Y. lipolytica, numerous studies have been done for developing synthetic biology tools for gene regulation. CRISPR interference (CRISPRi), as an emerging technology, has been applied for specifically repressing genes of interest.

Results

In this study, we established CRISPRi systems in Y. lipolytica based on four different repressors, that was DNase-deactivated Cpf1 (dCpf1) from Francisella novicida, deactivated Cas9 (dCas9) from Streptococcus pyogenes, and two fusion proteins (dCpf1-KRAB and dCas9-KRAB). Ten gRNAs that bound to different regions of gfp gene were designed and the results indicated that there was no clear correlation between the repression efficiency and targeting sites no matter which repressor protein was used. In order to rapidly yield strong gene repression, a multiplex gRNAs strategy based on one-step Golden-brick assembly technology was developed. High repression efficiency 85% (dCpf1) and 92% (dCas9) were achieved in a short time by making three different gRNAs towards gfp gene simultaneously, which avoided the need of screening effective gRNA loci in advance. Moreover, two genes interference including gfp and vioE and three genes repression including vioA, vioB and vioE in protodeoxy-violaceinic acid pathway were also realized.

Conclusion

Taken together, successful CRISPRi-mediated regulation of gene expression via four different repressors dCpf1, dCas9, dCpf1-KRAB and dCas9-KRAB in Y. lipolytica is achieved. And we demonstrate a multiplexed gRNA targeting strategy can efficiently achieve transcriptional simultaneous repression of several targeted genes and different sites of one gene using the one-step Golden-brick assembly. This timesaving method promised to be a potent transformative tool valuable for metabolic engineering, synthetic biology, and functional genomic studies of Y. lipolytica.

 

[pdfjs-viewer url=”http%3A%2F%2Fbioengx.hk1.91site.net%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2018%2F04%2Fs12934-018-0909-8.pdf.pdf” viewer_width=100% viewer_height=1360px fullscreen=true download=true print=true]

作者: yuanyingjin

天津大学副校长,制药工程系教授,博士研究生导师。中国药学会制药工程副主任委员;教育部制药工程专业教学指导分委员会委员;教育部化学化工学部委员;化工学报、过程工程学报编委。



发表回复

您的电子邮箱地址不会被公开。

联系我们

联系我们

(44)07934433023

在线咨询: QQ交谈

邮箱: info@bioengx.org

关注微信
微信扫一扫关注我们

微信扫一扫关注我们

关注微博
返回顶部
Designed by

best down free | web phu nu so | toc dep 2017